The 23rd of May in History

Here are a couple of interesting (and not-quite-so-interesting) things which happened today in history:

1430 – Joan of Arc was captured by people from Burgundy and sold to the English

1533 – Henry VIII’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon is officially annulled

1701 – Captain William Kidd (Scottish pirate) is hanged by the Thames

1785 – Benjamin Franklin invents bifocals

1788 – South Carolina joins the United States of America

1830 – The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad begins the first passenger service in the USA

1873 – The Royal Canadian Mountain Police form (known at the time as the North-West Mounted Police)

1911 – The New York Public Library is dedicated after 16 years of building

1915 – Italy declares war on the Austro-Hungarian nation

1930 – Aerial surveying and mapping of the Outback begins

1934 – Bonnie and Clyde (American bushrangers) are ambushed and killed by police

1937 – Streets and squares in Adelaide are named for the first time

1945 – Heinrich Himmler, a high-ranking Nazi, commits suicide

1949 – Germany splits, and West Germany (or the German Federal Republic) is formed

1960 – Television comes to Tasmania

And a few things which happened tomorrow:

1686 – Gabriel Fahrenheit (after whom the Fahrenheit temperature-measuring system is named) is born

1815 – George Evans discovers the Lachlan River

1819 – Queen Victoria is born

1930 – Amy Johnson becomes the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia

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