What is “Biblical archaeology”, you say, and how does it differ from normal archaeology?
Well, Biblical archaeology is really just archaeology, except for one point: “traditional” or secular archaeology doesn’t take the Bible into account, and at times seems to do its best to disprove it. Biblical archaeology is basically when archaeologists go looking for stuff which is mentioned in the Bible, using the (often quite explicit) directions which are given in the Bible. (And sometimes when secular archaeologist stumble across stuff which is really obviously in the Bible.)
There are so many archaeological finds in northern Africa and the Near East which correlate perfectly with the Bible that I can’t even begin to mention them all: everything from really big, major things, like Mount Sinai, the Red Sea Crossing site, King David’s palace, and Noah’s Ark, to minor things, like clay signet ring seals bearing the names of scribes mentioned in the Bible and accounts by enemy nations which talk about Israel, David, Solomon, and various battles mentioned in the Bible. The Ark of the Covenant has even allegedly been found, although that point is heatedly debated.
There’s not really much more I can say about this, given that I am grossly unqualified, but here are a few videos so that you can see for yourself:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MaXAgJ3sOvw This one covers a phenomenal amount of archaeological sites and artifacts mentioned in the Bible, and then lists them all at the end.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gMzmBWQeiIc This one focusses on the alleged discovery of the Ark of the Covenant, although it also mentions a number of other important discoveries, too, such as Noah’s Ark, Soddom and Gamorrah, the site of the Red Sea Crossing, and Mount Sinai, among other things.
You can find out more about how Noah’s Ark was disvoered here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uPRo7Q-7yQQ, and about how Mount Sinai was located here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-mB5Aw14e4M. Do try not to chuckle about the two guys involved in the latter being called Bob and Larry.